Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album

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Contents

Scope

The Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album digital collection was originally compiled by Italian photographer Luigi Fiorillo. This unique resource documents the British naval attack on 'Urabi Pasha's nationalists, who revolted against Taufik Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt, from 1879 to 1882. Fiorillo’s fifty page album records damage to Alexandria's neighborhoods, particularly the harbor and the fortress district. The images trace the development of episode from the arrival of the British fleet to the destruction of the emerging downtown district. Further, the photographs show the artillery and forts used by the resistance. The album also features portraits of the key players in the bombardment, including 'Urabi Pasha, Khedive Taufik, Admiral Seymour, and Sir Wolseley.

Fiorillo was active from the 1870s to the 1890s. Although his main studio was located in Alexandria, he is known to have traveled widely throughout Egypt and Africa. He is best known for this distinctive album.

Provenance

The Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album was digitized and described by the Rare Books and Special Collections Library in June 2012 and August 2012. The collection is publicly accessible in the Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library. [1]

Capture Specifications

The Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photographs were captured with an Epson GT-20000 scanner using Epson Scan software and edited using Adobe Photoshop CS4 software.

File Type Resolution Compression Dimensions Bit Depth Mode Format Edits Notes
Preservation master 800 ppi None Sized to match original, no magnification or reduction. 24 RGB image/tiff None Original scans.
Delivery master 800 ppi None Sized to match original, no magnification or reduction. 24 RGB image/tiff Cropping, color correction, image rotation. Images derived from original scans.

Epson Scan software settings

Mode Document Type Document Source Image Type Resolution Scale
Professional Mode Reflective Document Table 24-bit Color 800 dpi 100%

File Names

Use the following formula to create file names:

SC-1956-01 - PA-1882-01 - ### _ ###
  • SC-1956-01 refers to the Egypt and Middle East Architecture, Landscape, and Travel Photograph Album Collection call number.
  • PA-1882-01 refers to the Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album.
  • ### refers to the item number.
  • ### refers to the original identifier. This may also be a label for the item, e.g. Front-Cover. [2] [3]

Examples

SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-001_Front-Cover.tif
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-002_Inside-Front-Cover.tif
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-003_1.tif
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-004_2c.tif
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-005_2a.tif
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-006_4.tif
...
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-055_Inside-Back-Cover.tif
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-056_Back-Cover.tif

For images in the cover, insert an additional item number before the item label.

SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01 - ### - ## _ ##

Examples

SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-002-01_Inside-Front-Cover.tif
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-002-02_Inside-Front-Cover.tif

Directory Structure

Use the following hierarchy template to organize images:

  • Collection Title
    • File Type
      • Media Type
        • Image

Example

  • Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photographs
    • Preservation Master
      • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-001_Front-Cover.tif
      • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-002_Inside-Front-Cover.tif
      • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-003_1.tif
      • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-003_2c.tif
    • Delivery Master
      • Photograph album
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-001_Front-Cover.tif
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-002_Inside-Front-Cover.tif
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-003_1.tif
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-003_2c.tif
      • Photographs
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-001_Front-Cover.tif
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-002-01_Inside-Front-Cover.tif
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-002-02_Inside-Front-Cover.tif
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-002-03_Inside-Front-Cover.tif
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-003_1.tif
        • SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-003_2c.tif

Metadata

Description

Field Name Scope Note Example Required
Title
  • Enter a brief but descriptive title in English.
  • Capitalize the first word of the title, and enter in lowercase all other words except proper nouns.
  • Do not include initial articles, unless an integral part of the title and/or provided by the creator as the true title. This allows the system to index by title alphabetically.
Mosque of Sheikh Maguid
Photographer
  • Enter a name from the Library of Congress Name Authority File[4].
  • If an authorized name is not found in the Library of Congress Name Authority File[4], create one based on AACR2 rules.
Fiorillo, L ., 1870-1889
Description
  • Enter supplemental descriptive information such as a free text summary.
  • End field with a period.
  • Avoid simply restating the title.
  • When transcribed, enter source of information using one of or a combination of the following options:
    • Photographer's description: ____.
    • Translation of photographer's description: _____.
    • Text in image: _____.
    • Translation of text in image: _____.
Photographer's description: Le mosquée du Chiek Migaud où Arabi fit sa derniére priére. Translation of photographer's description: The mosque of Sheikh Migaud where 'Urabi performed his last prayer.
Name
  • Use to record a person, family or corporate body that is the subject of the item being described. For example, enter the names of people pictured in a photograph in this field. Do not include the name of the creator unless he/she is also the subject of the item.
  • Refer to the list of approved Names below.
Arabi, Ahmed
Topic
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings should be used to record specific topical information about the image and its context to the collection. [4] Additionally, when describing items that are graphic in nature, such as photographs, use Subjects.
  • Include terms for places such as in this field if the object being described relates directly to the location. For example, an aerial photograph of Luxor should include Luxor (Egypt) in the Topic field.
  • Refer to the list of approved Topics below.
Bombardment of 1882
Subject
  • Use this field to inventory the items depicted in an image, e.g. Protest posters, Monuments & memorials, etc.
  • Look up terms in the Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials. [5] Be sure to use subject terms, not genre/format terms.
  • Refer to the list of approved Subjects below.
Mosques
Location
  • Look up terms in the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names. [6]
  • List multiple entries separated by a semicolon in order of decreasing specificity.
  • Refer to the list of approved Locations below.
Alexandria; Muḩāfaz̧at al Iskandarīyah; Egypt; Africa
Date Created
  • Format the date according ISO 8601 standard:
    • YYYY-MM-DD
    • YYYY-MM
    • YYYY
    • YYYY-YYYY
  • If the date is entirely unknown, do not enter text like “undated.” Instead, narrow the date to a date range, e.g. 1900-1999.
  • List multiple entries separated by a semicolon in chronological order.
1882
Type
  • Enter the characteristic and general type of content of the resource.
  • Look up terms using the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Type Vocabulary. [7]
Still Image
Format
  • Enter Internet Media Type[8].
image/jp2
Extent
  • Enter dimensions of original in W x H unit or measurement, using the metric system (e.g. mm. or cm.) or digital image measurement (e.g. px.).
  • Abbreviate units, such as px. or mm. End each unit of measurement with a period.
  • Include the number of pages when applicable, in ### p. format. End p with a period.
26.7 x 18.9 cm.
Medium
  • Enter original format or medium information in this field.
  • Look up terms in the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus[9].
albumen prints
Language
  • Enter the ISO 639-1 Language Code[4] for items with linguistic content.
  • Leave this field blank if there is no linguistic content.
eg; fr; it
Identifier
  • Enter a unique identifier.
  • The identifier should be the same as the digital file name.
SC-1956-01-PA-1882-01-008_5
Original Identifier
  • Enter the original file name if different from identifier.
5
Collection
  • Enter the title of the digital collection to which the resource belongs.
Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album
Source
  • Enter the series, collection, repository, and institution.
  • Separate multiple entries with a semicolon and a space.
Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album; Egypt and Middle East Architecture, Landscape, and Travel Photograph Album Collections; Rare Books and Special Collections Library; American University in Cairo
License
  • Enter copyright information.
Copyright 2012, American University in Cairo. All rights reserved.
Access Rights
  • Enter permission and reproduction request information.
To inquire about permissions or reproductions, contact the Rare Books and Special Collections Library, The American University in Cairo at +20.2.2615.3676 or rbscl-ref@aucegypt.edu.

Workflow

Name/Label Scope Note Example Required
Date Entered
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is created by an RBSCL student employee, volunteer, or Digital Collections Archivist.
2012-05-22
Date Reviewed-Curator
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is reviewed by the RBSCL Photograph and Cinema Collections Curator.
2012-05-28
Date Reviewed-Archivist
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is reviewed by the RBSCL Digital Collections Archivist.
2012-05-31
Date Selected
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the item is selected for inclusion in the digital collection.
2012-05-31

Controlled Vocabularies

Name

  • De Zogheb, Patrice
  • Nubar Pasha, 1825-1899
  • Taufik Muhamed, Pasha, Khedive of Egypt, 1853-1892
  • ʻUrābī, Aḥmad, 1840 or 41-1911
  • Zizinia family

Topic

  • Bombardment of 1882

Subject

  • Buildings
  • Cafes
  • Cannons
  • Carriages & coaches
  • Castles & palaces
  • Chapels
  • Churches
  • Coastlines
  • Consulates
  • Courthouses
  • Forts & fortifications
  • Hotels
  • Houses
  • Lighthouses
  • Markets
  • Men
  • Military officers
  • Minarets
  • Mosques
  • Plazas
  • Religious facilities
  • Revolutionaries
  • Rulers
  • Ships
  • Smoke
  • Soldiers
  • Streets
  • Temporary buildings
  • War damage

Location

  • Alexandria; Al-Iskandarīyah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Al Maks; Al-Iskandarīyah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Ţābiyat al Aţţah; Al-Iskandarīyah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Ţābiyat Qāyitbāy; Al-Iskandarīyah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Ra's at Tīn; Al-Iskandarīyah governorate; Egypt; Africa

Medium

  • albumen prints
  • photograph albums

Properties

Configuration of CONTENTdm collection and administrative fields. [10]

Collection Fields

Field name DC map Data type Large Search Hide Required Vocab
Title Title Text
Photographer Creator Text
Description Description Text
Name Subject Text
Topic Subject Text
Subject Subject Text
Location Coverage-Spatial Text
Date Created Date-Created Date
Type Type Text
Format Format Text
Extent Format-Extent Text
Medium Format-Medium Text
Language Language Text
Identifier Identifier Text
Original Identifier Identifier Text
Collection Relation Text
Source Source Text
License Rights-License Text
Access Rights Rights-Access Rights Text

Administrative Fields

Field name DC map Data type Search Hide
Archival file None Text
OCLC number None Text
Date issued Date-issued Date
Date modified Date-modified Date
CONTENTdm number None Text
CONTENTdm file name None Text

Archive

Read Me

This directory contains preservation and delivery master files for the Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album digital collection as well as descriptive metadata in Microsoft Office Excel Worksheet and Tab Separated Values files. The metadata is formatted for use in CONTENTdm. The album was digitized and described by the Rare Books and Special Collections Library in June 2012 and August 2012. The collection is publicly accessible in the Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library.

More information about the Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album digital collection is available on the AUCWiki at http://wiki.aucegypt.edu/index.php?title=Alexandria_Bombardment_of_1882_Photograph_Album.

Files and Directories

  • Delivery Master
  • Preservation Master
  • Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photograph Album Metadata.tsv
  • Alexandria Bombardment of 1882 Photographs Metadata.tsv
  • ReadMe.txt

References

  1. Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library
  2. Text entered after the underscore _ will be displayed in compound objects.
  3. Do not include spaces in file names.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Library of Congress Authorities
  5. Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials
  6. Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  7. Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Type Vocabulary
  8. Internet Media Types
  9. Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus
  10. CONTENTdm
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