Iryan Moftah Coptic Language and Religion Manuscripts

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Contents

Scope

The Iryan Moftah Coptic Language and Religion Manuscripts digital collection includes 18 handwritten manuscripts ranging from topics as diverse as Coptic language and philology to liturgy.

Provenance

The Iryan Moftah Coptic Language and Religion Manuscript and Book Collection was acquired in 2003 thanks to Laurence Moftah who generously arranged for its transfer to the Rare Books and Special Collection Library in support of the preservation of Coptic heritage and the Coptic studies program at the American University in Cairo.

The manuscripts were originally described by Father Maximous El-Antony with the aid of the Rare Books and Special Collections Library in 2010. The Rare Books and Special Collections Library edited the digital images and supplemented the descriptions in 2012 and 2013. The collection will be publicly accessible in the Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library. [1]

Capture Specifications

All of the images in the Iryan Moftah Coptic Language and Religion Manuscripts were photographed with a Sony Cyber-shot DSC-R1 digital camera. All images were edited using Adobe Photoshop CS4 software.

File Type Resolution Bit Depth Mode Compression Format Edits
Preservation Master 16 megapixel 24 RGB Lossy image/jpg None
Delivery Master 16 megapixel 24 RGB Lossy image/jpg Cropping, color correction, image rotation

Editing Guidelines

Both Preservation Master and Delivery Master images are rotated.

Delivery Master images are cropped and color corrected.

  • Images are individually cropped using Adobe Photoshop CS4 software.
  • Crop images to preserve the entire artifact, like in the examples below.
  • Use the Auto Tone, Auto Contrast, and Auto Color functions in Adobe CS4 software to batch color correct the image.[2]
Rotation Cropping Color Correction
Unedited-SC-2003-01-01-16-6-001 Front-Cover.JPG Cropped-SC-2003-01-01-16-6-001 Front-Cover.JPG Color-Corrected-SC-2003-01-01-16-6-001 Front-Cover.JPG
Unedited-SC-2003-01-01-16-6-004 Page-2.JPG Cropped-SC-2003-01-01-16-6-004 Page-2.JPG Color-Corrected-SC-2003-01-01-16-6-004 Page-2.JPG

File Names

Use the following formula to create file names:

SC-2003-01 - 01 - ##-6 - #####
  • SC-2003-01 refers to the Iryan Moftah Coptic Language and Religion Manuscript and Book Collection call number.
  • 01 refers to the Manuscripts series.
  • ##-6 refers to the manuscript number.
  • ### refers to the item number.
  • ### refers to the original identifier. This may also be a label for the item, e.g. Front-Cover, Page-1, Page-2. [3] [4]


Examples

 SC-2003-01-01-01-6-001_Front-Cover
 SC-2003-01-01-01-6-002_Inside-Front-Cover
 SC-2003-01-01-01-6-003_Page-1
 SC-2003-01-01-01-6-003_Page-2
 ...
 SC-2003-01-01-01-6-235_Page-233
 SC-2003-01-01-01-6-236_Page-234
 SC-2003-01-01-01-6-237_Inside-Back-Cover
 SC-2003-01-01-01-6-238_Back-Cover

Directory Structure

Use the following hierarchy template to organize images:

  • Collection Title
    • File Type
      • Collection and Manuscript Number
        • Image

Example

  • KAC Creswell Photographs of Islamic Architecture
    • Preservation Master
      • SC-2003-01-01-01-6
        • SC-2003-01-01-01-6-001_Front-Cover
        • SC-2003-01-01-01-6-002_Inside-Front-Cover
        • SC-2003-01-01-01-6-003_Page-1
        • SC-2003-01-01-01-6-003_Page-2
      • SC-2003-01-01-02-6
        • SC-2003-01-01-02-6-001_Front-Cover
        • SC-2003-01-01-02-6-002_Inside-Front-Cover
        • SC-2003-01-01-02-6-003_Page-1
        • SC-2003-01-01-02-6-003_Page-2
    • Delivery Master
      • SC-2003-01-01-01-6
        • SC-2003-01-01-01-6-001_Front-Cover
        • SC-2003-01-01-01-6-002_Inside-Front-Cover
        • SC-2003-01-01-01-6-003_Page-1
        • SC-2003-01-01-01-6-003_Page-2
      • SC-2003-01-01-02-6
        • SC-2003-01-01-02-6-001_Front-Cover
        • SC-2003-01-01-02-6-002_Inside-Front-Cover
        • SC-2003-01-01-02-6-003_Page-1
        • SC-2003-01-01-02-6-003_Page-2

Metadata

Description

Field Name Scope Note Example Required
Title
  • Enter a brief but descriptive title in English.
  • Capitalize the first word of the title, and enter in lowercase all other words except proper nouns.
  • Do not include initial articles, unless an integral part of the title and/or provided by the creator as the true title. This allows the system to index by title alphabetically.
Volume II from Maiamer by Our Holy Father Saint Gregory of Nazianzus
Alternative Title
  • Use for other titles the resource may be known by, alternate spellings, translations, transliterations, etc.
  • Capitalize the first word of the title, and enter in lowercase all other words except proper nouns.
  • Do not include initial articles, unless an integral part of the title and/or provided by the creator as the true title. This allows the system to index by title alphabetically.
المجلد الثانى من ميامر ابينا المعظم فى القديسين غريغوريوس التاولوغوس النازينزى رئيس أساقفة القسطنطنيه
Author
  • Enter a name from the Library of Congress Name Authority File[5].
  • If an authorized name is not found in the Library of Congress Name Authority File[5], create one based on AACR2 rules.
  • Refer to the list of approved Authors below
Gregory, of Nazianzus, Saint
Scribe
  • Enter a name from the Library of Congress Name Authority File[5].
  • If an authorized name is not found in the Library of Congress Name Authority File[5], create one based on AACR2 rules.
Albayasy, Issa Palatine
Patron
  • Enter a name from the Library of Congress Name Authority File[5].
  • If an authorized name is not found in the Library of Congress Name Authority File[5], create one based on AACR2 rules.
Gibrail Ibrahim Barbari, al-Khawaga
Description
  • Enter supplemental descriptive information such as a free text summary.
  • End field with a period.
  • Avoid simply restating the title.
  • When transcribed, enter source of information using: Photographer's description: ____.
This manuscript comprises the second volume of a two volume set. It contains 15 essays that begin with numbers 16 - 30. It consists of laudatory doctrinal essays and sermons written by the Coptic Church Fathers in the fourth century CE, paying tribute to St. Gregory of Nazianzus (circa 330-90 C.E.), the theologian, who was Bishop of Constantinople from 379 to 381 C.E. This manuscript is the first Arabic translation from the Greek manuscript written by St. Gregory of Nazianzen to the priest Claudianus (d. circa 404 C.E.). It was a counter argument to Apollinaris of Laodicea's (circa 315-390 C.E.) doctrine on the nature of Christ. Apollinaris reasoned that God's human nature is incomplete, as it lacks human reasoning. Apollinaris opposed Arianism and was a pro-Nicene.
Name
  • Use to record a person, family or corporate body that is the subject of the item being described. For example, enter the names of people pictured in a photograph in this field. Do not include the name of the creator unless he/she is also the subject of the item.
  • Refer to the list of approved Names below.
Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea; Claudianus
Topic
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings [5] should be used to record specific topical information about the image and its context to the collection. Additionally, when describing items that are graphic in nature, such as photographs, use Subjects.
  • Include terms for places such as in this field if the object being described relates directly to the location. For example, an aerial photograph of Luxor should include Luxor (Egypt) in the Topic field.
  • Refer to the list of approved Topics below.
Coptic church; Liturgy
Date Created
  • Format the date according ISO 8601 standard:
    • YYYY-MM-DD
    • YYYY-MM
    • YYYY
    • YYYY-YYYY
  • If the date is entirely unknown, do not enter text like “undated.” Instead, narrow the date to a date range, e.g. 1900-1999.
  • List multiple entries separated by a semicolon in chronological order.
1787-07-03
Type
  • Enter the characteristic and general type of content of the resource.
  • Look up terms using the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Type Vocabulary[6].
Still Image
Format
  • Enter Internet Media Type[7].
image/jp2
Extent
  • Enter dimensions of original in W x H unit or measurement, using the metric system (e.g. mm. or cm.) or digital image measurement (e.g. px.).
  • Abbreviate units, such as px. or mm. End each unit of measurement with a period.
  • Include the number of pages when applicable, in ### p. format. End p with a period.
24 x 33.5 cm.; 234 p.
Medium
  • Enter original format or medium information in this field.
  • Look up terms in the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus[8].
manuscripts (document genre)
Language
  • Enter the ISO 639-1 Language Code[5] for items with linguistic content.
  • Leave this field blank if there is no linguistic content.
ar
Identifier
  • Enter a unique identifier.
  • The identifier should be the same as the directory and correspond with the physical collection.
SC-2003-01-01-01-6
Collection
  • Enter the title of the digital collection to which the resource belongs.
Iryan Moftah Coptic Language and Religion Manuscripts
Source
  • Enter the album number, subseries, series, collection, repository, and institution.
  • Separate multiple entries with a semicolon and a space.
Iryan Moftah Collection of Manuscripts; Iryan Moftah Coptic Language and Religion Manuscript and Book Collection; K.A.C. Creswell Photographs; K.A.C. Creswell Papers and Photograph Collection of Islamic Architecture; Rare Books and Special Collections Library; American University in Cairo
License
  • Enter copyright information.
Copyright 2012, American University in Cairo. All rights reserved.
Access Rights
  • Enter permission and reproduction request information.
To inquire about permissions or reproductions, contact the Rare Books and Special Collections Library, The American University in Cairo at +20.2.2615.3676 or rbscl-ref@aucegypt.edu.
Acknowledgements
  • Include granting and funding agencies, donors, etc.
The Iryan Moftah Coptic Language and Religion Manuscript and Book Collection was acquired in 2003 thanks to Laurence Moftah who generously arranged for its transfer to the Rare Books and Special Collection Library in support of the preservation of Coptic heritage and the Coptic studies program at the American University in Cairo. The manuscripts were originally digitized and described by Father Maximous El-Antony with the aid of the Rare Books and Special Collections Library in 2010.

Workflow

Name/Label Scope Note Example Required
Date Entered
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is entered.
Date Reviewed-Student
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is reviewed by an RBSCL student employee.
Date Reviewed-Archivist
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is reviewed by the RBSCL Digital Collections Archivist.
Date Uploaded
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the item is uploaded to the digital collection.

Controlled Vocabularies

Author

  • Anthony, of Egypt, Saint, ca. 250-355 or 6
  • Chrysostom, John, Saint, d. 407
  • Council of Nicaea (1st : 325). Creed
  • Gregory, of Nazianzus, Saint

Scribe

  • Albayasy, Issa Palatine
  • Moftah, Iryan
  • Morkos, Girgis
  • Yūsuf, Ḥannā

Patron

  • Moftah, Butrus Girgis
  • Gibrail Ibrahim Barbari, al-Khawaga

Name

  • Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea
  • Bible. Arabic
  • Bible. O.T. Pentateuch
  • Claudianus
  • Herod I, King of Judea, 73-4 B.C.
  • Mariamne, consort of Herod I, King of Judea, ca. 57-ca. 29 B.C.
  • Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint

Topic

  • Anaphora
  • Apocryphal books (New Testament)
  • Apocryphal books (Old Testament)
  • Bohairic dialect
  • Creation
  • Coptic church
  • Coptic illumination of books and manuscripts
  • Coptic language
  • Coptic monasticism and religious orders
  • Easter
  • Epiclesis
  • Eucharistic prayers
  • Genealogy
  • Grammar
  • Greek language
  • Liturgy
  • Pronunciation
  • Sermons
  • Teaching

Location

  • Kīmān Fāris (deserted settlement); Al-Fayyūm governorate; Egypt; Africa

Language

  • ar
  • cop

Properties

Configuration of CONTENTdm collection and administrative fields. [9]

Collection Fields

Field name DC map Data type Large Search Hide Required Vocab
Title Title Text
Author Creator Text
Scribe Contributor Text
Patron Contributor Text
Description Description Text
Name Subject Text
Topic Subject Text
Location Coverage-Spatial Text
Date Created Date-Created Date
Type Type Text
Format Format Text
Extent Format-Extent Text
Medium Format-Medium Text
Language Language Text
Identifier Identifier Text
Original Identifier Identifier Text
Collection Relation Text
Source Source Text
License Rights-License Text
Access Rights Rights-Access Rights Text
Acknowledgements Description Text

Administrative Fields

Field name DC map Data type Search Hide
Archival file None Text
OCLC number None Text
Date issued Date-issued Date
Date modified Date-modified Date
CONTENTdm number None Text
CONTENTdm file name None Text

References

  1. Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library
  2. The Digital Collections Archivist handles this step.
  3. Text entered after the underscore _ will be displayed in compound objects.
  4. Do not include spaces in file names.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Library of Congress Authorities
  6. Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Type Vocabulary
  7. Internet Media Types
  8. Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus
  9. CONTENTdm
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