Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews

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Contents

Scope

The Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews digital collection includes 101 images of Egypt commissioned by the Underwood & Underwood publishing company in the 1890s. The photographs, originally sold as a boxed sets, document 19th century Egyptian culture and the history of travel in the Middle East. The wide geographic scope of its subjects spanning along the Nile River, the Suez Canal towns and the Egyptian deserts render a thorough introductory visual representation of Egypt as opposed to the contemporaneous amateur and subjectively compiled albums of its time. Of particular interest are the brief descriptions and the six language translated captions on the back of each card which, content wise, often contain inaccuracies that may be interpreted as colonial approaches on the part of the publishing company.

Provenance

The Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews were originally purchased by American University in Cairo President Richard F. Pedersen in 1985. Two years later, Pedersen expanded the collection by purchasing the full set of stereoscope slides. The stereoviews were digitized and described by the Rare Books and Special Collections Library in May and June 2012. The collection is publicly accessible in the Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library. [1]

Capture Specifications

The Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews were captured with an Epson GT-20000 scanner using Epson Scan software and edited using Adobe Photoshop CS4 software.

File Type Resolution Compression Dimensions Bit Depth Mode Format Edits Notes
Preservation master 1200 ppi None Sized to match original, no magnification or reduction. 24 RGB image/tiff None Original scans.
Delivery master 1200 ppi None Sized to match original, no magnification or reduction. 24 RGB image/tiff Cropping, color correction, image rotation. Images derived from original scans.

Epson Scan software settings

Mode Document Type Document Source Image Type Resolution Scale
Professional Mode Reflective Document Table 24-bit Color 1200 dpi 100%

File Names

Use the following formulas to create file names:

SC-1985-01 -02 - ### a - 01 _Front
SC-1985-01 -02 - ### a - 02 _Back
SC-1985-01 -02 - ### b - 01 _Front
SC-1985-01 -02 - ### b - 02 _Back
  • SC-1985-01 refers to the Stereoscopic Photographs Collection call number.
  • 02 refers to the Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews series.
  • ### refers to the item number.
  • Use a and b qualifiers ONLY to distinguish between distinct images with the same item number.
  • 01 and 02 refer to the front and back.
  • Front and Back refer to the front and back of the item. [2]

Examples

SC-1985-01-02-001-01_Front.tif
SC-1985-01-02-001-02_Back.tif
SC-1985-01-02-002-01_Front.tif
SC-1985-01-02-002-02_Back.tif
SC-1985-01-02-003a-01_Front.tif
SC-1985-01-02-003a-02_Back.tif
SC-1985-01-02-003b-01_Front.tif
SC-1985-01-02-003b-02_Back.tif

Directory Structure

Use the following hierarchy template to organize images:

  • Collection Title
    • File Type
      • Compound Object
        • Image Front
        • Image Back

Example

  • Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews
    • Preservation Master
      • SC-1985-01-02-001
        • SC-1985-01-02-001-01_Front.tif
        • SC-1985-01-02-001-02_Back.tif
      • SC-1985-01-02-002
        • SC-1985-01-02-002-01_Front.tif
        • SC-1985-01-02-002-02_Back.tif
      • SC-1985-01-02-003a
        • SC-1985-01-02-003a-01_Front.tif
        • SC-1985-01-02-003a-02_Back.tif
      • SC-1985-01-02-003b
        • SC-1985-01-02-003b-01_Front.tif
        • SC-1985-01-02-003b-02_Back.tif
    • Delivery Master
      • SC-1985-01-02-001
        • SC-1985-01-02-001-01_Front.tif
        • SC-1985-01-02-001-02_Back.tif
      • SC-1985-01-02-002
        • SC-1985-01-02-002-01_Front.tif
        • SC-1985-01-02-002-02_Back.tif
      • SC-1985-01-02-003a
        • SC-1985-01-02-003a-01_Front.tif
        • SC-1985-01-02-003a-02_Back.tif
      • SC-1985-01-02-003b
        • SC-1985-01-02-003b-01_Front.tif
        • SC-1985-01-02-003b-02_Back.tif

Metadata

Description

Field Name Scope Note Example Required
Title
  • Enter a brief but descriptive title in English.
  • Capitalize the first word of the title, and enter in lowercase all other words except proper nouns.
  • Do not include initial articles, unless an integral part of the title and/or provided by the creator as the true title. This allows the system to index by title alphabetically.
Pompey's Pillar
Publisher
  • Enter a name from the Library of Congress Name Authority File[3].
  • If an authorized name is not found in the Library of Congress Name Authority File[3], create one based on AACR2 rules.
Underwood & Underwood Publishers
Description
  • Enter supplemental descriptive information such as a free text summary.
  • End field with a period.
  • Avoid simply restating the title.
  • When transcribed, enter source of information using: Publisher's description: ____.
Publisher's description: Pompey's Pillar (104 ft. high), the only relic of Antiquity in Alexandria, Egypt.
Name
  • Use to record a person, family or corporate body that is the subject of the item being described. For example, enter the names of people pictured in a photograph in this field. Do not include the name of the creator unless he/she is also the subject of the item.
  • Refer to the list of approved Names below.
Diocletian, Emperor of Rome, 245-313; Pompey, the Great, 106-48 B.C.
Topic
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings [3] should be used to record specific topical information about the image and its context to the collection. Additionally, when describing items that are graphic in nature, such as photographs, use Subjects.
  • Include terms for places such as in this field if the object being described relates directly to the location. For example, an aerial photograph of Luxor should include Luxor (Egypt) in the Topic field.
  • Refer to the list of approved Topics below.
Antiquities
Subject
  • Use this field to inventory the items depicted in an image, e.g. Protest posters, Monuments & memorials, etc.
  • Look up terms in the Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials[4]. Be sure to use subject terms, not genre/format terms.
  • Refer to the list of approved Subjects below.
Monuments & memorials
Architectural Detail
  • Look up terms in the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus[5].
  • Enter terms alphabetically.
  • Separate each term with a semicolon.
  • Refer to the list of approved Architectural Details below.
columns (architectural elements)
Location
  • Look up terms in the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names[6].
  • List multiple entries separated by a semicolon in order of decreasing specificity.
  • Refer to the list of approved Locations below.
Alexandria; Muḩāfaz̧at al Iskandarīyah; Egypt; Africa
Date Created
  • Format the date according ISO 8601 standard:
    • YYYY-MM-DD
    • YYYY-MM
    • YYYY
    • YYYY-YYYY
  • If the date is entirely unknown, do not enter text like “undated.” Instead, narrow the date to a date range, e.g. 1900-1999.
  • List multiple entries separated by a semicolon in chronological order.
1900
Type
  • Enter the characteristic and general type of content of the resource.
  • Look up terms using the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Type Vocabulary[7].
  • Refer to the list of approved Types below.
Still Image
Format
  • Enter Internet Media Type[8].
image/jp2
Extent
  • Enter dimensions of original in W x H unit or measurement, using the metric system (e.g. mm. or cm.) or digital image measurement (e.g. px.).
  • Abbreviate units, such as px. or mm. End each unit of measurement with a period.
  • Include the number of pages when applicable, in ### p. format. End p with a period.
17.7 x 9 cm.
Medium
  • Enter original format or medium information in this field.
  • Look up terms in the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus[5].
albumen prints; stereoscopic photographs
Language
  • Enter the ISO 639-1 Language Code[3] for items with linguistic content.
  • Leave this field blank if there is no linguistic content.
en
Identifier
  • Enter a unique identifier.
  • The identifier should be the same as the directory and correspond with the physical collection.
SC-1985-01-02-100
Original Identifier
  • Enter the original file name if different from identifier.
100
Collection
  • Enter the title of the digital collection to which the resource belongs.
Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews
Source
  • Enter the series, collection, repository, and institution.
  • Separate multiple entries with a semicolon and a space.
Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews; Stereoscopic Photographs Collection; Rare Books and Special Collections Library; American University in Cairo
License
  • Enter copyright information.
Copyright 2012, American University in Cairo. All rights reserved.
Access Rights
  • Enter permission and reproduction request information.
To inquire about permissions or reproductions, contact the Rare Books and Special Collections Library, The American University in Cairo at +20.2.2615.3676 or rbscl-ref@aucegypt.edu.
Acknowledgements
  • Include granting and funding agencies, donors, etc.
The Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews collection was donated by American University in Cairo President Richard F. Pedersen.

Workflow

Name/Label Scope Note Example Required
Date Entered
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is created.
2012-05-22
Date Reviewed-Curator
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is reviewed by the RBSCL Photograph and Cinema Collections Curator.
2012-05-28
Date Reviewed-Archivist
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the metadata record is reviewed by the RBSCL Digital Collections Archivist.
2012-05-31
Date Selected
  • Enter the date, in YYYY-MM-DD format, that the item is selected for inclusion in the digital collection.
2012-05-31

Controlled Vocabularies

Name

  • Amenhotep III, King of Egypt
  • Barqūq, Sultan of Egypt, 1340 or 41-1399
  • Chefren, King of Egypt
  • Cheops, King of Egypt
  • Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, d 30 B. C.
  • Djoser, King of Egypt
  • Hatshepsut, Queen of Egypt
  • Qāʼit Bāy, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, d. 1496
  • Qalāwūn, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, d. 1290
  • Ramses II, King of Egypt
  • Ramses IV, King of Egypt
  • Seti I, King of Egypt

Topic

  • Animals
  • Antiquities
  • Architecture, Islamic
  • Architecture, Mameluke
  • Bedouins
  • Commerce
  • Education
  • Egyptian language
  • Excavations (Archaeology)
  • Herding
  • Irrigation
  • Missions
  • Muslim pilgrims and pilgrimages
  • Performing arts
  • Plants
  • Social life and customs
  • Transportation
  • Vernacular architecture

Subject

  • Bicycles & tricycles
  • Boats
  • Boys
  • Bridges
  • Camels
  • Canals
  • Carriages & coaches
  • Castles & palaces
  • Cemeteries
  • Children
  • Crowds
  • Dancers
  • Dervishes
  • Dining rooms
  • Dining tables
  • Donkeys
  • Dovecotes
  • Ferries
  • Firearms
  • Girls
  • Goats
  • Horses
  • Hotels
  • Houseboats
  • Litters
  • Markets
  • Men
  • Minbars
  • Monuments & memorials
  • Mosques
  • Musicians
  • Ostriches
  • Palms
  • People
  • Percussion instruments
  • Pitchers
  • Porters
  • Pyramids
  • Rivers
  • Shadoofs
  • Sheikhs
  • Spectators
  • Sphinx
  • Streets
  • Temples
  • Tombs & sepulchral monuments
  • Waiters
  • Wells
  • Women

Architectural Detail

  • bas-reliefs (sculpture)
  • colonnades
  • columns (architectural elements)
  • courtyards
  • minbars
  • obelisks (monumental pillars)
  • minarets
  • pylons
  • qibla walls
  • statues

Location

  • Ad Darb al Aḩmar; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Ad Dayr al Baḩrī; Al-Uqşur governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Al Azbakīyah; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Alexandria; Al-Iskandarīyah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Al Khalīfah; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Al Jazīrah; Al-Jīzah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Al Maṭarīyah; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Asyūţ; Asyūţ governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Az-Zaqāzīq; Ash Sharqīyah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Būlāq Abū al 'Ilā; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Giza; Al-Jīzah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Heliopolis; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Jirjā; Sūhāj governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Khān al Khalīlī; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Lībīyah, Aş Şaḩrā' al; Egypt; Africa
  • Madīnat al Muqaţţam; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Maqābir Bāb al Wazīr; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Masjid as Sulţān Barqūq; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Muqaţţam, Jabal al; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Necropolis of Thebes; Al-Uqşur governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Nile River
  • Qinā; Qinā governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Luxor; Al-Uqşur governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Port Said; Port Said governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • Pyramids of Giza; Al-Jīzah governorate; Egypt; Africa
  • The Citadel; Al-Qāhirah governorate; Egypt; Africa

Properties

Configuration of CONTENTdm collection and administrative fields. [9]

Collection Fields

Field name DC map Data type Large Search Hide Required Vocab
Title Title Text
Publisher Publisher Text
Description Description Text
Name Subject Text
Topic Subject Text
Subject Subject Text
Location Coverage-Spatial Text
Date Created Date-Created Date
Type Type Text
Format Format Text
Extent Format-Extent Text
Medium Format-Medium Text
Language Language Text
Identifier Identifier Text
Original Identifier Identifier Text
Collection Relation Text
Source Source Text
License Rights-License Text
Access Rights Rights-Access Rights Text
Acknowledgements Description Text

Administrative Fields

Field name DC map Data type Search Hide
Archival file None Text
OCLC number None Text
Date issued Date-issued Date
Date modified Date-modified Date
CONTENTdm number None Text
CONTENTdm file name None Text

Archive

Read Me

This directory contains preservation and delivery master files for the Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews digital collection as well as descriptive metadata in Tab Separated Values files. The metadata is formatted for use in CONTENTdm. The stereoviews were digitized and described by the Rare Books and Special Collections Library in May and June 2012. The collection is publicly accessible in the Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library.

More information about the Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews digital collection is available on the AUCWiki at http://wiki.aucegypt.edu/index.php/Underwood_%26_Underwood_Egypt_Stereoviews.

Files and Directories

  • Delivery Master
  • Preservation Master
  • ReadMe.txt
  • Underwood and Underwood Egypt Stereoviews Metadata.tsv

References

  1. Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library
  2. Text entered after the underscore _ will be displayed in compound objects.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Library of Congress Authorities
  4. Library of Congress Thesaurus for Graphic Materials
  5. 5.0 5.1 Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus
  6. Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  7. Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Type Vocabulary
  8. Internet Media Types
  9. CONTENTdm
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